What are dental check-ups?

A dental check up allows your dentist to check your teeth and gums are healthy. If there are any issues your dentist can find the best solution. You should be getting a check-up every 6 months.

What does a dental check-up include?

At each check-up, your dentist should:

  • Examine your teeth, gums and mouth
  • Ask you if you’ve had any problems with your teeth, gums or mouth since your last visit
  • Ask about your general health and
  • Ask about, and give you advice on, your diet, smoking and alcohol use
  • Give you advice on teeth-cleaning habits
  • Discuss your next visit

What is scale and polish?

Scale and polish is a popular dental treatment, also known as dental cleaning. It can reduce the risk of gum disease and tooth decay and along with regular brushing and flossing, keep your teeth healthy. A scale and polish will remove the plaque from your teeth and leave them feeling shiny and smooth.

What happens in scale and polish?

Scaling requires the use of an ultrasound devise that emits vibrations to loosen the larger areas of tartar. A cooling mist will be sprayed at the same time to wash away the debris. For the smaller deposits on your teeth the dentist will use tools to carefully scrape these away. Once your teeth are beautifully smooth and clean the dentist will polish them.

What are tooth fillings?

A filling involves cleaning away the decayed area using a drill and air abrasion. Once this has been removed the filling can be placed in the area. The dentist will then finish and polish the filling. After this a tooth coloured material is added in layers and a special light is used to harden the material.

What is root canal surgery?

Root canal surgery is needed when the centre of the tooth (the pulp) becomes infected. This can be caused by bacteria that enters the pulp chamber. The surgery aims to remove the infected or dead pulp from the tooth and replace it with a substance that will not irritate the tooth or gum.

What are dental inlays?

Inlays and onlays work in the same way, providing a durable filling for a cavity that is too big for a regular filling. An inlay fills the gap inside the tooth.

What are dental onlays?

An onlay is used to fill a cavity on top of a tooth. It is generally used when a cavity is too large for a filling but there is enough healthy tooth to warrant avoiding a crown.

What is tooth extraction?

Tooth extraction is the permanent removal of a tooth. Although as an adult we do not expect to lose any teeth, there are times when the removal of a tooth is necessary. This could be because the tooth is badly damaged or decayed or because of an overcrowded mouth.

How long does a tooth extraction take?

The time it will take to remove a tooth varies, it could take as little as a few minutes or up to 60 minutes. Once the tooth has been taken out some care will need to be taken because of the now open wound.

What are dental crowns?

Dental crowns are a thin layer of material, made from porcelain, metal alloy, gold or zirconia. They are strong enough to withstand the pressure from chewing. The most popular crowns are the ‘white’ porcelain that has been fused to metal which mirror the colour of the teeth and so are much more discreet.

How are dental crowns are fitted?

To fit a dental crown requires prior preparation of the tooth. This is usually carried out over two visits. The first visit will involve inspecting the tooth that will receive the crown. The area around the tooth will then be numbed and the tooth filed down along the chewing surface and sides. Once the tooth is reshaped a mould will be made of the tooth in order to create a perfectly fitting crown. A temporary crown will be fitted on this first visit until your next visit when the permanent crown will be cemented in place.

What are dental bridges?

If you only have one or two teeth missing, or just don’t want dentures, a bridge could be the ideal solution. To make the bridge our dentists crown the teeth on either side of the gap and attach a false tooth in the space. Our bridges are made in the same way as dental crowns. We also use adhesive bridges. This is a less invasive solution, without tooth removal and little drilling of teeth. The teeth are roughened and the bridge is fitted using a very strong composite resin to appear like tooth.

What are dental veneers?

Our dental veneers are extremely thin, custom made shells that fit over your teeth. These are designed to cover your teeth and mimic the size, colour, texture and light reflecting qualities of the rest of your teeth giving you a perfect smile.

How strong are dental veneers?

Although the sheets of porcelain are very thin, they are very strong. Veneers can last many years if cared for properly, avoiding situations which may cause chips through using teeth as tools.

Why are dental implants needed?

Implants are a fixed solution for your teeth. Many people across the country struggle with poorly fitting or uncomfortable dentures, for these people dental implants are a perfect solution. They eliminate the need for messy dental adhesive, embarrassing denture slips and the inability to eat certain foods.

How painful are dental implants?

The procedure itself can be done under anaesthesia and completed in one day to minimise the length of your discomfort. Afterward the pain will be minimal and temporary but if needed your dentist can provide you with pain relievers.

How are dentures fitted?

To fit dentures our dentist will make a series of impressions of your jaw. These impressions will tell us all we need to know about your jaw measurements, how they relate to each other and the space left between them. Wax models can then be made using these impressions and tried on for size. When the final cast of the denture is made it can then be perfectly adjusted to your mouth.

What are dentures made of?

Our dentures are made from acrylic, chrome and ceramic. This aims to look like your teeth and gums to create a great look and keep your smile dazzling.

How do braces work?

Braces work to correct the positioning of your teeth in order to straighten them. There are three main types of application where braces are concerned:

Fixed braces

This type of brace is non-removable. It is fixed to the teeth using brackets and linked with wires.

Removable braces

The removable brace usually is made using a plastic plate that clips onto some of the teeth and covers the roof of the mouth.

Functional appliances

This type of brace is made up of two parts that interact together. These parts are fitted to the upper and lower teeth and are completely removable if needed.

How long will I need braces?

If fitted or worn correctly, your fixed brace could have the desired effect on your teeth within 18 to 24 months. Removable braces could see results in up to 6 months, depending on condition of the patient’s teeth.

How does teeth whitening work?

Here at R Smiles we offer three different ways to whiten your teeth. These are in-surgery treatments, take home kits and internal bleaching treatments.


The in-surgery technique uses a combination of a hydrogen peroxide gel and a specially designed ultraviolet lamp to lighten the colour of your teeth.

Take home kits

The take-home kit provides you with a bespoke whitening tray, made by our dentist to fit your mouth perfectly. This is a slower process but can be reused in the future.

Internal bleaching

Finally internal bleaching is designed for single tooth treatment if your tooth is discoloured. This is offered in-surgery by a trained dentist.

What does teeth whitening involve?

Initially we will have a consultation with you to discuss what teeth whitening option is the best for you. Which ever option you then choose, whether in-surgery or home treatment, our dentists will guide you through every step of the way making sure you leave smiling.