Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or porcelain laminates), are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of your teeth to improve your appearance. These shells can change the color, shape, size or length of your teeth.
Dental veneers can be made from porcelain or from resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light reflecting properties of natural teeth. Resin veneers are thinner andrequire removal of less of the tooth surface before placement. You will need to discuss the best choice of veneer material for you with your dentist.
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Veneers Are Routinely Used To Fix:
- Teeth that are discolored – either because of root canal treatment; stains from tetracycline or other drugs, excessive fluoride or other causes; or the presence of large resin fillings that have discolored the tooth
- Teeth that are worn down
- Teeth that are chipped or broken
- Teeth that are misaligned, uneven, or irregularly shaped (for example, have craters or bulges in them)
- Teeth with gaps between them (to close the space between these teeth)
Procedure For Porcelain Veneers
Getting porcelain veneers done usually requires three trips to the dentist – one for a consultation and two to make and apply the veneers. One tooth or many teeth can simultaneously undergo the veneering process described below.
- Diagnosis and treatment planning. This first step involves your active participation. Explain to your dentist the result that you are trying to achieve. During this appointment, your dentist will examine your teeth to make sure dental veneers are appropriate for you and discuss what the procedure will involve and some of its limitations. An x-ray may also be advised.
- Preparation. To prepare a tooth for a veneer, your dentist will remove about 1/2 millimeter of enamel from the tooth surface, which is an amount nearly equal to the thickness of the veneer to be added to the tooth surface. Before trimming off the enamel, you and your dentist will decide the need for a local anesthetic to numb the area. Next, your dentist will make a model or impression of your tooth. This model is sent to a dental laboratory, which in turn constructs your veneer. It usually takes 7-10 days for your dentist to receive the veneers back from the laboratory. For very unsightly teeth, temporary dental veneers can be placed for an additional cost
- Bonding. Before the dental veneer is permanently cemented to your tooth, your dentist will temporarily place it on your tooth to examine its fit and color. They will repeatedly remove and trim the veneer as needed to achieve the proper fit; the veneer colour can be adjusted with the shade of cement to be used. Next, to prepare your tooth to receive the veneer, your tooth will be cleaned, polished, and etched which roughens the tooth to allow for a strong bonding process. A special cement is applied to the veneer and the veneer is then placed on your tooth. Once properly positioned on the tooth, your dentist will apply a special light beam (curer) to the dental veneer, which activates chemicals in the cement, causing it to harden very quickly. The final step involves removing any excess cement, evaluating your bite and making any final adjustments to the veneer. Your dentist may ask you to return for a follow-up visit in a couple of weeks to check how your gums are responding to the presence of your veneer and to once again examine the veneer’s placement
At Sweet Smiles Dental Practice we also offer Same Day Veneers. Unlike the process for enamel veneers, Same Day Veneers only involve two visits to the dentist, one for the consultation and one for the treatment.
Procedure For Same Day Veneers
- The dentist will check the condition of your teeth, then reccomend the right shade, shape and size with a template
- Your teeth will then be prepared for the veneer. As the enamel shells are so thin your teeth will only require a little preparation and very little of your tooth structure will be lost
- The enamel shells are then temporarily placed onto the prepared teeth and at this point you can discuss any adjustments you would like to the shape, shade and size of the veneer.
- Once you are happy, the veneer is then fitted into place using a special technique and any you further adjustments requried can be made
- The final step will be to polish your new veneer
As with all dental treatments, once your veneers have been fitted and your treatment is complete, your dentist will advise you to attend regular check-up appointments.